Periodontitis, or gum disease, is an active disease process in your mouth. It is very common and, if not treated, will result in tooth loss.
Gum Disease is caused when bacteria colonize above or below the gum line, resulting in chronic inflammation. As a result of the inflammation, the body begins to destroy gum and bone tissue, which can cause teeth to shift, decay, or completely fall out. In addition, the bacteria may travel through the bloodstream and infect other parts of the body, causing even more health problems.
To protect your teeth and overall health, regular periodontal maintenance is essential. The dentist can clean all the way down to the bottom of the pocket of the tooth where the most harmful bacteria reside. This deep cleaning is necessary for avoiding or halting gum disease and gingivitis. The dentist can also look for other causes of plaque, such as loose crowns or fillings and use x-rays to check for bone loss.
Gum Disease Prevention
Although periodontitis may not cause any pain initially, it’s important not to ignore other warning signs, such as bad breath, loose teeth, stains, and tartar build up. Make sure to mention any such symptoms to the dentist and always schedule your six-month checkups. Prevention is critical to avoiding gum disease and, if you already have periodontitis, regular maintenance is vital for keeping it at bay.
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